What is the electoral landscape in France?

April 23 France held the first round of presidential elections. Two or three candidates will pass to the second round which will be held on May 7 | Photo: PL

23 April 11 candidates compete for the first presidential round in France, nine men and two women are, but there are five of them, Marine Le Pen, Emmanuel Macron, François Fillon, Benoît Hamon and Jean-Luc Mélenchon, who have more option to pass to the second round.
The electoral landscape predicted a few months ago an outright victory for the former Prime Minister François Fillon, the Republicans, in the second round of the presidential elections, ahead of Marine Le Pen, until they left his judicial imputation for embezzlement and misappropriation, which resulted in 17.5 per cent of votes in the latest surveys, away from the electoral finish that came to be considered safe. 
The election campaign has been embroiled in scandal for acts of corruption, breach of the public Word, impunity and the forecast of a high abstention rate.
Political scientist and international analyst, Francisco Peña Torres, told teleSUR that this trend is due to that the French people has been for more than 30 years that promises and programs of Governments both left and right have not been met.
> The media and the elections in France eleven candidates that will be attended in the first round of the French presidencies. Photo: Reuters Le Pen and Macron, Favorites for first round latest opinion polls placed to the candidate of the far-right national front, Marine Le Pen and the would Emmanuel Macron movement in Marche!, at the top with more than 25 percent, while earlier this month, both experienced a setback of about two points.
Polls place Macron already as the second in voting intention, just a point of Le Pen and, therefore, serious candidate to move to the second round on May 7.
Thirdly, shaping up rebellious leader of the France party, the left candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon with 19 percent of intended votes leaving ahead of the candidate’s right François Fillon, who outlined initially as favorite next to Le Pen.
Despite divided surveys, the inclination of votes intended targets more parties right, national front and the movement in Marche!.
If Le Pen WINS, what is the impact?

A change in the policy of France would come from the hand of the triumph of the candidate of the national front, clear is, if he wins the second round, scheduled for May 17. “If you win Marine Le Pen the situation would be severe. There would be a serious effect in the rest of the countries of the European Union (EU), since its programme envisages the departure of France of this regional bloc”, explains analyst Peña Torres.
The programme presented by Marine Le Pen is loaded with political and economic nationalism: limit rights of immigrants, restrict religious freedom, increase the police powers of the State, isolating France of mechanisms such as the EU and designing a production system from the Government.
A left that has picked up, Mélenchon left, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, candidate managed to progress 22 points in recent weeks. According to the monthly poll Ifop-Fiducial-making, it has with 19 per cent of support, placing ahead of the applicant François Fillon.
His rebound is the result of the last episode starring him in the city of Marseille, where more than 70,000 people gathered to support him. “No doubt his oratory and his ideology showed the acceptance that is gaining the dynamics of his personality and his convening power product,” says Torres.
The fact that Mélenchon is placed in the polls above François Fillon is the low popularity gained by the representative of the Republicans, formally indicted on charges of diverting public funds and misappropriation, but that still stays with 18.5 percent of intended votes.
> Acts of corruption mark presidential campaign in France, this presidential race is defined by the level of citizen participation variable, since about a third of the population stated they still don’t know who vote. Polls show a penchant for the right candidates.
The decline of socialism, coupled with the rise of the national front, set up an expected scenario: confrontation by the Presidency in run-off could be between the right and the far right.