What is needed to start a war?

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Part of U.S. against Syria missile strike has rekindled global fear of large-scale armed conflicts. | Photo: Reuters

The wars of this century and the past have acquired new features that make them more unpredictable. The emergence of terrorism as a strategy of conflict and the use of fundamentalism ideological and theological to justify violence are characteristics that have replaced the diplomatic differences and the aristocratic legitimacies of the past.
Fernado Moragón, an expert on geopolitics and President of the Hispano-Ruso Observatory of Eurasia, argues the thesis that the cold war was World War III and the fourth EE. UU. President George W. Bush initiated in 2001 declared by then. These new global conflicts differ from the previous ones because, although they are world-wide, they do not involve the total use of resources in a war economy to look for the total annihilation of the enemy.
Before the recent United States attack against the forces of the army of Syria is time to remember history to avoid repeating it. These are some of the ways in which the conflicts between States in the world have started.
First world war, this was the first time that Europe dragged to the countries of the world to an armed conflict. It is considered the war hinge that showed the transition from international armed conflicts of the armies of field open to the fighting in trenches.
From 1871 to 1914, the European empires, with their large industrial economies, were dedicated to arm themselves because of the suspicion and distrust that they had. This was named by history as the “peace army”.
Bilateral relations began to structure a complex Web of diplomatic support and commitments to mutual military support. When Francisco Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo, Austria decided to seize this as reason for declaring war on Serbia with the support of Germany. Alliances were fired one after another like a row of dominos causing great conflict that would last five years and would take on the life of nine million people.
World War second largest 20th century armed conflict, this war saw the first use of modern strategies of combat air support, urban fighting and the systematic use of armoured vehicles. The political dream of Adolf Hitler, Führer of the third German Reich, was to impose the hegemony of Germany on throughout Europe.
Hitler convinced the Soviet Union signed a Pact of non-aggression pacts allowing the invasion of Poland in 1939. From there were two global alliances among the major industrial powers that fought in territories around the world. Japan and Italy pledged support to Germany in Exchange for their mutual aid to establish areas of hegemonic control in Africa and East Asia against the forces of the United States, Russia, Britain and France.
At the end, the war would last until 1945 and would be the first use of the most feared weapons in history. The nuclear bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima changed the geopolitical face of armed conflict.
Cold war after the second world war, U.S. and Soviet Union emerged as the first superpowers of the world. Since then, there has been a marked ideological and political division that gave way to dozens of small conflicts in satellite States of the influence of these two large blocks.
USA was convinced that Communist thought was a threat to their way of life and in 1947 they implemented the so-called Truman doctrine. This purpose was to help all Nations to confront the Soviet expansion.
The power of nuclear weapons ensured that any conflict would trigger large scale in an assured mutual annihilation. For this reason these two super industrial powers were confronted economically and through wars remote. The Cuban missile crisis, the invasion of Czechoslovakia, the Viet Nam war and several coups in Latin America military are just a few examples of conflicts caused by this war.
The conflict lasted until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. But would see the emergence of two international actors: the Organization of United Nations (UN) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
UN, NATO and the U.S. interventionism, then of the cold war the world entered into a State of lethargy which was established de-facto that the United States was the police force of the world. However, Russia maintained their economic power as the nation with the greatest territorial extension of the world and Europe began its process to include all of its countries in the Treaty that brings together as an economic Union.
In this period many invasions and coups in Latin America, Middle East and Asian countries were authorized by the U.N. Security Council resolutions. The invasion of Haiti, the intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the intervention in Kosovo and the first Iraq war, among other things, were authorized by this organization and coordinated by NATO.
Afghanistan the destruction of the twin towers in New York, on September 11, 2001, was the justification used by the United States to invade Afghanistan. The emergence of terrorist groups and their strategy of attacking civilians forever changed the face of the conflict. But the actions of the United States to remove the Taliban from power were accompanied by funding strategies to groups on the part of the Central Agency of intelligence (CIA by its acronym in English) that fanning fundamentalism and extremism in the region.
Since Afghanistan has experienced a time of military upheaval as forces of Al Qaeda maintain its armed opposition against the Government formed and imposed by the International Alliance.
Then-President George W. Bush, who started this strategy, aimed to establish global hegemony of the United States against any kind of ideological opposition. Armando armed groups in all over the world, American interventionism has caused the emergence of the terrorist movements such as Boko Haram in Africa, Al-Shabab in Somalia, the self-styled Islamic State (Turkisch in Arabic) and armed groups in several countries such as Turkey, Kurdistan, Pakistan, Iran and Iraq.

The second decade of the 21st century has seen the renewal of Russian influence on the terrorist conflict in the Middle East. It has also seen the rise of China as a new global superpower. And also the consolidation of the European Union as a sometimes cooperative participant with NATO and other diplomatic ambivalent. It should be questioning what is the future for the people of Syria, after six years of war and the first bombing of the United States, a unilateral military action, supported by its allies and rejected by other countries such as Russia and Iran.
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