In key: It’s two days to elect new president in Colombia

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Over 30 million Colombians are eligible to cast their vote (Photo: kienyke.com)

The May 25 elections will be held in Colombia, where over 32 million citizens of this country elect the President and Vice President for the next four years (2014-2018).
With two days, the electoral event is marked by peace talks with the Revolutionary Armed Colombia People’s Army (FARC-EP) forces, as well as a confrontation between candidates and new revelations of espionage.
teleSUR brings you the most relevant data on these presidential elections in Colombia.
1. Quantity of voters and polling stations.
A total of 32 million 975 thousand 158 Colombians are entitled to vote in the 89 000 389 10 000 tables spread over 642 polling stations in Colombia and abroad.
Of the total population of eligible voters, 17 million 129 thousand 768 are women and 15 million 845 thousand 390 men.
Two. Voting abroad
The external voting began on Monday, May 19, for the 559 000 952 Colombians to exercise their vote in the tables distributed 890 thousand in the 217, located in 64 countries around the world.
March. Voter ID
The Registry of Colombia 3000 will install 500 biometric for identification of voters and jurors stations on election day. About 4 million people will be identified with this type of tool, to verify the identity of the voter and polling place.
April.Schedule
The election of President and Vice President will be held this Sunday, May 25th in the country and outside 08H00 local time (13H45 GMT) at 16h00 local time (21h45 GMT). The District Indexes, Auxiliary and Municipal begin on that Sunday and departmental Indexes start on Tuesday 27 May.
May. Juries
Nearly 585 000 136 citizens were chosen to provide the service as jurors voting on this day, attending the polling stations to be installed across the country on Sunday.
6. International observers
Representatives of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Organization of American States (OAS) will be international observers in the presidential elections on May 25 in Colombia.
These international delegations over four thousand domestic observers are added and other designated polling stations abroad.
In this regard, the Mission of Electoral Oversight (MVE) of the Organization of American States (OAS) in Colombia, deployed a total of 64 international experts and observers said Wednesday.
7. Deployment security
Defense Minister of Colombia, Juan Carlos Pinzon, reported Sunday that a total of 437,000 police officers will be spread across the country because of the presidential elections.
According to the minister, of that total, some 246,000 officials will serve in the polls, which represents an increase of one hundred thousand respects security for the elections of 2010 agents.
8.Scrutiny immediately
Once concluded the work of the jurors voting begin immediate scrutiny is binding and is responsible for the scrutinizing committees formed by Judges, Registrars and Notaries Public Instruments of Colombia.
This is the first time it is implemented during an election day for President and Vice President, the immediate scrutiny since before political reform enacted in July 2011, began Indexes only until the election next Tuesday.
The National Registry of Civil Status Registrars appointed to ad hoc Indexes, to meet the returning fees. The Registrar ad hoc will be responsible for fulfilling the functions of clove, responsible for the receipt, custody and ensure the safety of electoral sheets while the recorder holder shall act as Secretary of the Committee and shall arrange for the reading of the minutes of introduction of the departmental electoral documents triclave ark, read the results of the tally sheets, among others.
9. Dialogues peace
Highlight the position from Havana expressed the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army (FARC-EP) through his representative in the talks with the Colombian government, Pablo Catatumbo, who announced in the dynamics of the political situation of the country South America, the ceasefire unilaterally. Cover cessation Tuesday 20 to Wednesday 28 May.Even the guerrilla position by his own spokesman, was that “the insurgency does not believe in the Colombian electoral system.” At this juncture the temporary cessation of the armed conflict that Colombia has been in existence, the other sector guerrilla National Liberation Army (ELN) also joined.
10. Spying Scandal
The Colombian president Alvaro Uribe, members of the Democratic Centre and the rightist candidate Óscar Iván Zuluaga were aware of espionage carried out by the hacker Andrés Sepúlveda towards the peace process between the Colombian government and the FARC, as stated by Spanish hacker Rafael Revert.
Revert was the person who shot the controversial video that linking Zuluaga checked with Spy peace talks. He revealed that his mission was to develop a smear campaign against the president and candidate for reelection, Juan Manuel Santos.
11. Candidates placed and proposals on health, employment, education and public safety.
In total, there are five (5) presidential candidates: current President Juan Manuel Santos, who seeks re-election by the coalition (U Party, Liberal and Radical Change) National Unity; Óscar Iván Zuluaga running for president by the Democratic Center Uribe movement; Enrique Peñalosa, the Green Alliance; Clara Lopez, the Alternative Democratic Pole (PDA) and the Patriotic Union (UP), and Marta Lucia Ramirez, the Conservative Party.Juan Manuel Santos: Unification of plans and benefits in tax and subsidiary systems; where reduced recoveries, controls drug prices, recognition of health as a fundamental right and adherence of costly drugs include the POS.
Creating a constant real wage; Elimination of taxes for the generation of formal jobs; Strengthening Technical and technological labor supply through the National Apprenticeship Service (Sena by its acronym).; Expanded coverage of social program Youth in Action.
Increased budgetary allocation to ensure education to children of the most vulnerable sectors of Colombian society; Promote educational excellence in primary levels of education as central to improving quality.
Increase police and military presence in cities to combat theft, robbery and murder; Encourage citizens to report any criminal activity in your area.
Óscar Iván Zuluaga: Creating a card unique identification system for Identification of Potential Beneficiaries of Social Programs (Sisbén); Inclusion of drugs in common use in the Compulsory Health Plan; Medical care and financial support to third persons in extreme poverty.Business specialization in areas where the Colombian industry presents its greatest strengths; Creating productive enterprises in certain sectors can work so interconnected in various regions of the country.
Establish education workday between 08H00 and 16H00 in all public institutions; where food for all students is guaranteed; Improve working conditions of teachers; and scholarships for specialized reading, writing, math, science and bilingual education.
Improve salary level for soldiers and policemen, as well as ensure their optimal health and home ownership; Creation of the Community Justice, where the inhabitants of a given area are authorized to grant temporary authority to a person capable of administering justice in their community.
Enrique Penaloza: Betting on a reform within the health system where insurance companies replace the Health Promoting Entities (EPS) Strengthen preventive programs, increasing the number of specialist recruitment and building hospitals in the smaller or less densely populated cities.
Stimulate the generation of jobs through the reimbursement of payroll contributions; Granting subsidies for SMEs with export intention; carrying at least 20 per cent increase in employment generation.Construction of more schools across the country, whose facilities meet the climatic characteristics of the area; Create conditions to improve coverage and access to higher education for both technical scale to the university.
Prevent crime through sport, education, employment and cultural activities for young people; Improve lighting in public spaces and increasing the use of security cameras in these areas to create safe conditions for citizenship.
Clara Lopez: Establishment of health as a fundamental right, and implementing a major reform of the health system, including the elimination of EPS.
Recovery management of the health system by the State; and the creation of a “citizen’s pension to ensure the food and health for the elderly people in a vulnerable situation.
Development of a social economy in pursuit of attaining full employment; Stimulate job creation through agreements with industry nacionaarantizar the free education in all public institutions in the country; from pre-school to university education.
Increase the budget for education to improve working conditions and teacher salaries; and the provision of all the technological tools necesarias.Creación a superintendent to control state investment for the conservation of natural resources in Colombia.Successfully completing the peace negotiations that take place in Havana, capital of Cuba; Apply sustainable reforms to the “post-conflict” peace.
Marta Lucia Ramirez: The development of a Compulsory Health Plan (POS) for all citizens as well as the importation of drugs, a fact that could influence directly in reducing their prices. Includes strengthening the control and monitoring within the system to the diversion of resources and hiring professionals to work in the area where you would apply wage improvements.
Promote the creation of 800,000 new businesses; where each is required to provide a minimum of five formal jobs; Encourage youth and women’s initiative for the creation of small businesses. Develop a plan to revive the industry;
More training for teachers and rigorous selection of personnel to work in public institutions; Establishment of bilingualism by law.
Reinvigorate the “Soldiers and police” my people, where young people serving in the military take charge of ensuring the safety municpio where they reside; Retrieve the “democratic security” and establish life sentences for those who commit crimes of a sexual nature or are responsible for attacking others with harmful acids.Santos with the peace process as a strong point of his campaign for re-election surveys dominates, although it is expected that the results of the elections are defined in a runoff.